Nosebleeds, medically known as epistaxis, can be a common occurrence and are often not a cause for concern. However, there are instances where seeking medical treatment is necessary. Understanding the causes of nosebleeds and when to seek professional help can provide guidance on managing this issue.
Causes of Nosebleeds
Nosebleeds can be caused by various factors, including trauma, such as a fall at Constitution Park, dryness, allergies or even certain medications. Common causes of minor nosebleeds include changes in climate or altitude, picking or blowing the nose, foreign objects in the nasal passages and nasal allergies. It’s helpful to identify the underlying cause to effectively manage nosebleeds.
When to Seek Medical Treatment
While most nosebleeds can be managed at home, there are situations that warrant medical attention. If the bleeding is more severe than anticipated, if you have trouble breathing or if the nosebleed is a result of head trauma, seek medical treatment. Other instances that require medical attention include:
- Bleeding that persists for more than 30 minutes despite applying pressure.
- Nosebleeds in children under the age of two.
- Significant blood loss or feelings of weakness.
- Swallowing a large amount of blood.
If any of these situations arise, don’t drive yourself and instead call for an ambulance or arrange transportation with a trusted individual. Remember, only a small percentage of nosebleeds require medical intervention.
First-Aid Tactics for Nosebleeds
For less severe nosebleeds, there are simple first-aid techniques that you can employ to stop the bleeding:
- Pinch both nostrils together and breathe through your mouth for 10 to 15 minutes.
- Gently blow your nose to clear any clotted blood and use a nasal decongestant spray.
- Sit upright and lean slightly forward to prevent swallowing blood.
- Keep your head elevated above your heart to minimize blood flow to the nose.
- Avoid picking or blowing your nose immediately after the nosebleed to prevent reoccurrence.
If you experience frequent nosebleeds, you should see a doctor to rule out any underlying conditions that may be contributing to the issue. Contact South Valley Ear Nose & Throat if you have questions regarding nosebleeds or to schedule an appointment.